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Early Gay Liberation Movement at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, 1971-1978
Lambda Line

Gay Liberation Front Organizes

Iowa State University Daily, December 14, 1971

Daily Article Regarding the First Public Meeting of Gay People at Iowa State University

Gay Liberation Front organizes here

December 14, 1971
ISU Daily

There was a reason for the tension in the air as 11 people -- seven men and four women -- sat in near-silence in the YWCA lounge waiting for the meeting to being.

The meeting marked the first time that the Gay Liberation Front, an organization for homosexuals, held an open meeting on the Iowa State campus, and no one really knew what to expect. But as soon as everyone had arrived and discussion had started, the tension started to fade as members of the group explained to newcomers the group's philosophy.

"Homosexuality was first regarded as something sinful, then as something sick and now as something to be pitied. Gay liberation comes along and says 'bull,'" said Joe Franko, a member of the organization.

"In many ways, we're superior to straight people. We do not increase the population and we form more relationships across color and racial barriers."

The word "gay" may be used to describe persons, male or female, who indulge only in sexual activities with others of their sex. The term may also include bisexuals who participate in both heterosexual and homosexual activities. Actual sexual contacts are not necessary for membership; "There are members in our group who have never had sex with their own sex," Franko said.

Being gay is more of an orientation than a specific viewpoint, one member explained. "You just look upon sexual relations with the same sex with primary importance."

The Gay Liberation Front at Iowa State has two primary goals. Franko said the first, and most important, is to foster a sense of community and self-respect among gay people.

"We'd like to get homosexuals 'out of the closet' so they can related to each other not as sexual objects but as people. Too often the only contact gay people have is in bed and we want to change that. We want to get gay people together and say to each other, 'yes, we are fine people.'"

"While it is perfectly permissible for heterosexuals to walk around the campus holding hands, to kiss under the Campanile or to stroll around Lake LaVerne in the spring, there is no opportunity for a gay person to do anything like that," another member added. "The only way gay people can get together is under very furtive, suspect circumstances.

Although being able to hold hands in public with a person of your own sex is a small thing, it can be awfully important, one member said. What keeps gay persons from doing it is fear that heterosexuals would react with innuendos and disgust, several people agreed.

Society's attitude toward gay people often makes them afraid to come out and make their sexual feelings known, one girl said. "You sit alone in your dorm room and wonder if you're the only gay person on campus."

Members in the group cited conservative statistics based on studies indicating there is a minimum of 200 homosexuals on campus. According to the Kinsey reports, at least four per cent of the total population is exclusively homosexual. Also according to Kinsey, up to 37 per cent of all males will have a homosexual experience to orgasm at least once in their lives, Franko said.

The second purpose of the Gay Liberation Front at Iowa State is to inform straight people that "we are gay people who are not ashamed of what we are and are not sick or perverted," Franko said.

Members in the group told of overt and subtle discrimination against gay persons at Iowa State. "The university seems to be saying, by its emphasis on heterosexual social activity, that is the way you should be," one member said.

Much discrimination occurs in the classroom. English professors, when discussing the writings of a homosexual author, will often gloss over the fact of the author's homosexuality with a comment such as "Well, it didn't make any difference in his writing." Other professors make innuendos or negative comments, a group member explained.

Also, although the university offers a course on courtship and marriage for heterosexuals, the only courses for homosexuals are on "abnormal behavior" and "deviance."

Homosexuals are overtly discriminated against when it comes to getting jobs, a member said. "The university as an employer has no qualms about hiring a homosexual as long as he is not known to be one. As soon as the community finds out -- zap -- he's asked to resign," he added, saying he knew of an instance where that happened.

Among the more general types of discrimination that pervade society are the subtle discrimination against men who like to knit, embroider, cook or care for children. Also the terms "faggot" and "cocksucker" indicate negative attitudes toward homosexuals, members said.

The play "The Boys in the Band," produced by Iowa State theater students recently, is another example of the perpetuation of psychological stereotypes of homosexuals, a member said. "All of the characters in that play were filled with self-pity and self-hate and they hate each other because of it," he said.

Although the Gay Liberation Front has just recently become public through a letter to the editor appearing in The Daily and classified ads, replies mailed to the post office box address have been encouraging, Franko said. About 20 people are signed up in gay consciousness-raising groups, for gay people only, which will begin next January.

Thursday's meeting was the first open meeting of the group, but members have been meeting together since fall quarter, Franko said.

A tangible activity the group tackled this year is to work with Gay Liberation groups on other Iowa campuses to eliminate the Iowa sodomy law. Section 705.1 of the Iowa Code states that "whoever shall have carnal copulation in any opening of the body except sexual parts, with another human being . . . shall be deemed guilty of sodomy." Maximum penalty is 10 years imprisonment in the state penitentiary.

Franko said the Gay Liberation movement at Iowa State did not come out in the open until the past weeks because "the ground had to be prepared" by other liberation groups.

Gay liberation along with women's liberation, came our of "the struggle" against oppression. "This meeting couldn't have taken place two years ago," Franko said.


Lambda Line

The First Public "Meeting"

The Personal is the Political

The tension was very high inside and outside the building the night of this first publicized GLF meeting. I lived nearby in Helser Hall, walked over, saw the janitor in Carver Hall standing in a window, his head resting on a broom, staring at the YWCA where the meeting was to take place. I didn't know him then, but later, as it turned out, I found out he was also in the Ames Counterculture (a discussion of janitors and their connections to Counterculture happens later on). He was simply being curious. No threatening angry people were waiting outside to kill us. I was relieved.

I was convinced by going to this meeting that the next day everybody would know I'd gone and then they would inevitably beat the living shit out of me over and over again. I played a lot of basketball the day of the meeting; it took away as much fear as possible, being immersed in something that required mind and body to push aside all worry.

When I first went into the YWCA, I was one of the last people to arrive for the meeting. We were sitting there in a big room on the main floor. It was set up as a living room with comfortable couches and chairs, but, as I felt it, our tense silence was almost unbearable. In fact I felt like the whole meeting was very strained. Any words spoken were almost knives cutting through thick air that then could be served up with a little powdered sugar and fed to the participants. (Of course it may be I, being pretty young and na�ve, was feeling more paranoid than most everybody else who were there.)

The required ISU Daily reporter was in the room; I can't remember her or much about her or where she was sitting relative to the rest of us. At least four or five members of the "Gay Liberation Front" I knew from the meeting(s) at Pammel Court were there; Joey Franko, Billy Swan, me, and a woman named Barb ?. One or maybe two people I'd never seen anywhere were there including Pat Gibson, who joined that evening; one other guy who comes to mind ran in after I did, dressed in sweat clothes, he looked to have been playing basketball or some sport, I think, and he sat and listened and left when the meeting was over. Not only had I never seen him before, I believe none of us ever saw him again after this first meeting. We might have been social and friendly in other circumstances and maybe it was more social than I remember it; but because of the terrible unknowns and real or imagined risks we were taking I think between the moments of talking to the reporter we sat mostly silent. This was not a "meeting" in the sense of any other meeting that ever happened during my years in the gay movement in Ames. It was special and horrible and wonderful all mixed into one setting. It's hard to even think of it as a meeting; it was a political statement mixed in with a viewing: we were being viewed because we were at something that had never happened on campus or Ames before and even if we were an unknown, yet rumored, minority group, the humans came out of curiosity to see what else we might be.

There was no meeting with a planned agenda otherwise, and I don't think we could have pulled it off anyway if we'd voted on officers or decided was going to make cookies for the next week's bake sale. No, we were there, and we were no longer willing to hide as much as we had in the past in the ugly recesses the rest of the world might have been wishing we'd stay in.

Soon the Daily reporter talked, and we answered. I shouldn't say "we," because some people, myself included, just sat at this meeting, silent. I was much too afraid to do anything else, and I deferred to people who knew more than I, which encompassed everybody else. As one can tell by reading the article above, the assumptions of the day were probably quite different than a reporter would make interviewing a gay group today. This was a raw time in unexplored space for everybody.

This night was part of the history for the University and for all of Ames.

—Dennis Brumm

Intersecting Symbols Line